Geneva is a global hub for international humanitarian cooperation. Denmark provides close to 2 billion DKK annually in international humanitarian assistance and has obvious interests in improving international coordination of these efforts, including by upholding the fundamental humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality.
The Office of UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is mandated to protect refugees, to offer them economic assistance, and to seek durable solutions in the form of repatriation, local integration in neighboring countries or resettlement in third countries. In July 2013, Denmark and UNHCR signed a partnership agreement that provides a framework for future cooperation and especially strengthen our cooperation on durable solutions. Denmark’s core contribution to UNHCR is 160 million DKK annually (close to 30 million USD). In addition we also provide significant contributions to specific and critical refugee situations, for instance in relation to Syria or Afghanistan.
The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator (OCHA) is located in New York, but also has a large office in Geneva. The Office here is in charge of the practical coordination of international emergency assistance and the arrangements pertaining to the organizational division of labor, which serves to improve delivery in specific emergency situations, whether these are caused by natural disasters or by political crisis. Denmark is committed to strengthen relief efforts through better management, more efficient funding mechanisms and the development of new partnerships. Denmark provides a core contribution to OCHA of 30 million DKK (5.5 million USD) , and in addition another 100 million DKK (18 million USD) to the UN Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which is managed by OCHA. In 2014 Denmark will take over the chair of OCHA's Donor Support Group (ODSG).
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was established to protect and assist people affected by armed conflict or other situations of violence. ICRC also plays a pivotal role in ensuring that the international humanitarian system remains firmly entrenched in international humanitarian law (IHL). Denmark provides an annual support to ICRC of 20 million DKK (close to 4 million USD) and in addition supports the organization's work in specific humanitarian situations.
The primary multilateral fora and partners in Geneva are:
- The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- UN Emergency Relief Coordinator: The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Activities (OCHA)
- The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
- Private organizations like the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the International Federation of Red Cross Societies (IFRC) and the International Council of Voluntary Agencies (ICVA)